Posted by: B Singh | September 6, 2008

ATM Frauds and Their Techno-Legal Preventions

This is the e-mail interview of Mr. Praveen Dalal given by him to Ms. Priya Kapoor, Correspondent of Money Today (India Today Group) on 03-09-08. According to Mr. Praveen Dalal*, the Leading Techno-Legal ICT, Cyber Law, Cyber Security and Cyber Forensics Specialist of India, ATM Frauds are becoming a big nuisance world over.

Q-1 Apart from the spamming and phishing, what are the various kinds of ATM frauds? Please specify the ones that take place at the ATM machine or at the counter.

A.1 ATM frauds happen when someone leaves his/her credit card unattended in a vehicle or changing room or allows anyone else to use the card or looses the card that is misused by others or discloses the Personal Identification Number (PIN) to others, etc. These mistakes allow the offender to withdraw money by using the stolen information. Fraudsters are using special devices, skimmers, duplicate ATMs, etc to withdraw money from ATMs. Sometimes such frauds are an insider job with the collusion of the employees of the company issuing those cards.

Q-2 Out of all the techniques, which one is the most common?

A.2 The misuse of disclosed PIN for withdrawing money is the most common techniques used for committing ATM Frauds.

Q. 3 What the individual can do to avoid their money from being siphoned off due to ATM fraud?

A.3 Some basic precautions by the card holders can be very effective in preventing ATM frauds. For instance, never leave your credit card unattended in a vehicle or changing room, never allow anyone else to use your card, always retain sales/charge slips to compare with the amount specified on the billing statement, do not disclose your PIN to anyone, etc.

Q. 4 Is any new technology available to handle ATM frauds? If yes, please elaborate.

A.4 The technological mechanisms like Designated time, Microchip technology, Biometric tokens, Enhanced security, ATM Monitoring, Customised softwares, Customer motivation, Alerts, etc can be used to minimise and prevent ATM frauds in India.

Q.5 What is the scenario abroad? Are ATM frauds more rampant outside?

A.5 The culture of e-banking is more prevalent in foreign countries. Obviously, the menace of ATM frauds is more in those countries. However the problem of ATM frauds is global in nature and its ramifications have been felt in India as well. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is forcing Indian legal system to adapt itself as per its requirements. Presently, there is a lack of legal enablement of ICT systems in India and we need good laws in this regard.

Q. 6 What does IT Act 2000 say about ATM frauds?

A.6 The IT Act, 2000 does not contain any specific provisions regarding the same and the traditional law of IPC, 1860 also cannot be relied solely and independently to tackle this problem. We need a better law for this purpose and Perry4Law has already provided its suggestions and recommendations in this regard and other ICT related matters to the Government of India, Department of Information Technology, Department of Science and Technology, Prime Minister’s Office, etc. Till we have suitable and apt laws, we must apply existing laws in a purposive and updating manner.

Source: News Section of Perry4Law

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